常见的蠹虫 ( 蛀虫 ) ，从分类上讲，是长蠹科、小蠹科、粉蠹科和皮蠹科昆虫的种类。其中前三类昆虫主要在木材或活树上危害，皮蠹科昆虫主要危害皮、毛及其制品。蠹虫个体较小，成虫体长一般为 2-3mm, 多数一年一代，以幼虫越冬，翌年春天化蛹， 4 、 5 月份，蛹羽化为成虫，成虫交配后产卵，卵期约 15 天，孵化的幼虫便侵入木材或毛皮中危害，是农林业和毛皮业的重要害虫。
Many insect species are able to use wood as a food source or as a home. In doing so they can cause serious damage to timber by tunnelling into standing trees, freshly felled logs or wet, decaying timber. A small number, mostly beetles, are able to attack timber in the more or less dry conditions found in buildings. These beetles are often called "woodworm" because it is the larval or "worm" stage that bores into and eats the wood.
Common Furniture Beetle Powder Post Beetle
Wood-Boring Weevils House Longhorn Beetle